‘More recently, penal policy in the Republic has begun to experience some of the most significant changes since the 1960s’ (Rogan, 2016: 443).

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‘More recently, penal policy in the Republic has begun to experience some of the most significant changes since the 1960s’ (Rogan, 2016: 443).

Critically analyze this statement, using the appropriate literature, and drawing on both the positive and negative aspects of the contemporary Irish prison system.

Question 2.

At a very basic level, youth justice systems have been described as having welfare and/or just deserts philosophy underpinning them.

Critically discuss both the welfare and just desert philosophies, and outline how they apply to the Irish youth justice system.

Question 3.

‘Until recently, the victim was a bystander in the criminal justice process.’

Critically assess this statement and include consideration of recent reforms in Ireland.