‘More recently, penal policy in the Republic has begun to experience some of the most significant changes since the 1960s’ (Rogan, 2016: 443).
Critically analyze this statement, using the appropriate literature, and drawing on both the positive and negative aspects of the contemporary Irish prison system.
At a very basic level, youth justice systems have been described as having welfare and/or just deserts philosophy underpinning them.
Critically discuss both the welfare and just desert philosophies, and outline how they apply to the Irish youth justice system.
‘Until recently, the victim was a bystander in the criminal justice process.’
Critically assess this statement and include consideration of recent reforms in Ireland.