provide the background for limited data and methodologies in researching drug trafficking
Read Natarajan (2006) and Jones (2020) case studies of drug trafficking organizations and discuss the improvements in data and methods in studying the networks.
The readings (some classic and contemporary ones) will provide the background for limited data and methodologies in researching drug trafficking. Primary data gathered through interviews with drug traffickers are only handful studies to date. Over the years scholars have started taping secondary data sources for studying DT organizations.
Natarajan (2000 2006) showed how court data can assist in identifying varied types of organizations and paved the way of using wiretap data for studying the networks of DT organizations. Subsequently scholars in Italy started using court data in analyzing Mafia operations. Now one of the major sources of data for understanding DT organizations actions is court records.
Select one of the following questions and provide a thoughtful and critical answer. Your answers should be informed and approximately 300 words in length. Make references to the assigned readings and videos and feel free to cite additional literature.
- After reading the articles what other data sources you can think of that will might be useful in studying DT organizations. Provide a minimum of 2 and maximum of 4 with explanations of why they are useful. Cite studies/examples where appropriate.
- Based on the mapping study ( Benitez 2019) of partnerships discuss the ways in which heroin trafficking can be mapped in Golden triangle and Golden Crescent area. What data will be needed and how the transit route data should be mapped in that region?
- Read Natarajan (2006) and Jones (2020) case studies of drug trafficking organizations and discuss the improvements in data and methods in studying the networks.
- Research has provided impetus for us to think about the emergence of poly-drug networks and multiple trafficking types of networks (terrorist networks human trafficking networks etc). Discuss the data and analytical needs to understand these multiple networks forging business partnerships. What would be your advice for intelligence analysis?
- Peter Andreas argues that the ambiguity of the numbers and potential for misleading interpretations is evident in the case of seizing and interdicting drugs at and beyond U.S. borders. The argument has been that larger and more frequent drug seizures are often presented as evidence of policy success and lauded as a testament to more vigorous enforcement. But he claims that measuring interdiction “success” is politically tricky and can be very misleading and inaccurate. Why? Elaborate on the challenges he has identified and include some examples.
- Bichler G. MaIm A. & Cooper T. (2017). Drug supply networks: a systematic review of the organizational structure of illicit drug trade. Crime Sci 6 2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40163-017-0063-3
- Jones N. P. Dittmann W. L. Wu J. & Reese T. (2020). A mixed methods social network analysis of a cross-border drug network: the Fernando Sanchez Organization (FSO). Trends in Organized Crime 23(2) 154-182.https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40163-017-0063-3
- Natarajan M. (2006). Understanding the structure of a large heroin distribution network: A quantitative analysis of qualitative data. lournal of Quantitative Criminology 22(2) 171-192. (Wiretap data)
- Benitez Galia J (2019). Mapping Colombia’s Counter-narcotics Networks: The Rise Of Latin American And Caribbean Partnerships. The Latin Americanist 63275-306.
- Reuter P. & Haaga J. (1989). The organization of high-level drug markets: An exploratory study. Santa Monica CA: RAND. (INTERVIEWS with Drug Traffickers)
- Calderoni F. (2012). The structure of drug trafficking mews: the ‘Ndrangheta and cocaine. Crime law and social change 58(3) 321-349.(PROSECUTION DATA)
- Li S. D. & Liu J. (2017). Network characteristics and organizational structure of Chinese drug trafficking groups. Asian Journal of Criminology 12(1) 63-79 (Sentencing files)
- Broseus J. Rhumorbarbe D. Morelato M. Staehli L. & Rossy Q. (2017). A geographical analysis of trafficking on a popular darknet market. F orensic science international 277 88-102. (On line sources).
- Medel M. Lu Y. & Chow E. (2015). Mexico’s drug networks: Modeling the smuggling routes towards the United States. Applied e raphy 60 240-247 (Government data sources)
- Andreas P. (2010). The Politics of Measuring Illicit Flows and Policy Effectiveness . In: P Andreas KM Greenhill (eds.) Sex Drugs and Body Counts: The Politics of Numbers in Global Crime and Conflict (pp. 23-45). Ithaca NY: Cornell University Pres.
https://www.france24.com/en/africa/20191018-kenyan-port-of-mombasa-becomes-world-s-new-drug-trafficicing-hub https://www.ahazeera.com/news/2020/01/drug-trafficking-guinea-bissau-transit-point-200111111029664.html https://www.baltimoresun.com/news/crime/bs-md-ci-cr-12-people-arrested-for-drugs-20191002-o6pApiegrthflwqycn2a-story.html https://www.europol.europa.eu/crime-areas-and-trends/crime-areas/drug-trafficking